Printed from http://www.electronista.com

Cheaper sodium batteries could replace lithium-ion tech

updated 02:50 pm EDT, Fri May 4, 2012

New tech could lead to cheaper, more capacious batteries

New research shows that sodium rechargeable batteries could replace lithium-ion batteries in electronics and some electric vehicles, Nature reported. This would require using a new electrode material that contains iron rather than nickel and cobalt. Sodium and iron is widely available, and using them would drive costs down while creating similar energy density to electrodes in lithium batteries.

But batteries would need to be redesigned in order to house the different chemical reactivity and the larger sodium atoms. The positive electrode in the sodium battery needs to hold more ions in order to match a lithium ion battery's density.

Researchers at the Tokyo University of Science, headed up by Shinichi Komaba, made such a material by grinding together iron oxide, sodium oxide, and manganese oxide. The powder was then put into a pellet and heated at 900 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The resulting material's formula was Na2/3[Fe1/2Mn1/2]O2 and it was used to make the positive electrode on a battery, with sodium metal on the negative electrode.

The capacity was 190milliAmp-hours/gram, with an average voltage of 2.75V. Carbon or titanium dioxide for the negative electrode could boost this to 3V, or about the same as in two AA batteries. [via ArsTechnica]



By Electronista Staff
toggle

Comments

  1. Arne_Saknussemm

    Forum Regular

    Joined: Apr 2011

    +1

    sodium metal on the negative electrode!

    Now that's one battery the TSA would love to see you carry on a plane.

    Forget matches, I'll just ask the steward for some water!

Login Here

Not a member of the MacNN forums? Register now for free.

toggle

Network Headlines

toggle

Most Popular

Sponsor

Recent Reviews

Cat B100

Cat is primarily known for its heavy-duty machinery used in the construction industry and farming, among other areas. What may not be ...

Linksys EA6900 AC Router

As 802.11ac networking begins to makes its way into more and more devices, you may find yourself considering an upgrade for your home ...

D-Link DIR-510L 802.11AC travel router

Having Internet access in hotels and other similar locations used to be a miasma of connectivity issues. If Wi-Fi was available, it wa ...

Sponsor

toggle

Most Commented

 
toggle

Popular News